The discovery solves a two-decades-old mystery that has vexed David Huff, professor of turfgrass breeding and genetics, whose research trials at the College of Agricultural Sciences' Joseph E. Valentine Turfgrass Research Center are aimed at breeding Poa annua to produce seed for greens.
Poa annua is a remarkably versatile grass species with both perennial and annual biotypes, Huff noted. The species can be found as an invasive weed on all seven continents of the globe, including extremely inhospitable locations such as Mount Kilimanjaro and Antarctica. It is valued on greens because of its tenacious quality, persisting in closely mowed, high-trafficked conditions where the most-valued turfgrass species for putting greens, creeping bentgrass, often struggles to survive.
Greens-type Poa annua before and after three years of seed production increase. David Huff, Penn State
Cobblestone Golf Course, a municipal course in metro Atlanta owned by Cobb County and operated by Bobby Jones Links, announced the start of renovations to its practice facilities, including expanding and improving the putting green as well as providing a larger, more useful chipping green to golfers.
To assist in renovations, Cobblestone Golf Course has hired contractor Kevin Selsor of Traditions Turf to oversee construction. Traditions Turf Management will be enlarging the chipping green to over double its original size, from 1,135 square feet to over 2,800 square feet. The bunker will remain but will be smaller in size to accommodate the larger chipping green. The size of the putting green will also increase, expanding from 3,925 square feet to 7,325 square feet. In addition to the expansion, the sloping of the putting green will be smoothed out to provide more puttable space overall.
“We are excited to embark on these new enhancements to the course,” Cobblestone general manager Terry Harnage said. “Kevin Selsor has always been a big fan of Cobblestone Golf Course, and we are lucky to have Traditions Turf working with us on this project.”
Work on the course began in mid-April and will conclude by the first week of June when the grow-in process is complete. Upon completion, the course will provide a larger, flatter practice putting surface that will be easier to maintain and will make for a better practice experience for players. There will also be two areas for golfers to practice putting, which will be much more functional for camps, lessons and golfers who prefer to remain at the practice facility.
Cobblestone Golf Course, a Ken Dye design with Champion Bermudgrass greens, opened in 1993 and underwent a full renovation in 2010.
Editor’s Note: BASF and Golf Course Industry are working together to tell the story of how three new products are coming to life for the golf market. This is the first part of a three-part series.
A product launch is nothing new for Jeff Vannoy. But three in one year?
“It’s no small feat,” he says.
Vannoy’s job as a senior product manager at BASF involves overseeing the expanding golf course portfolio. Two years after the successful introduction of Maxtima® fungicide and Navicon® Intrinsic® brand fungicide into the golf market, the innovation engine keeps running at BASF. In short, this will be a busy year for Vannoy and the BASF team.
Busy represents an industry-wide theme. Steady demand on golf courses means superintendents are seeking innovative solutions to control disease, pests and weeds. Developing those solutions requires listening to the needs of the people responsible for producing pleasing playing conditions. That listening led to BASF developing Maxtima fungicide and Navicon Intrinsic brand fungicide, a pair of DMI fungicides effectively and safely used to control myriad disease during unforgiving parts of the growing season.
“Golf course superintendents have always been interested and willing to invest in new technology to take care of their key course assets such as greens, fairways, tees, etc.,” Vannoy says. “They are also very discerning in asking the right questions from manufacturers and university researchers to clearly understand if the new product is truly innovative.
“In the case of Maxtima fungicide and Navicon Intrinsic brand fungicide, the research was clearly unprecedented and the ability to use a DMI during hot, humid periods on cool-season turf is something totally new for the industry. One thing is for sure, golf course superintendents are never fooled by pseudo-innovations that simply copy what’s already readily available on the market.”
The trio of new products BASF plans to introduce this year includes an insecticide, herbicide and fungicide. Conceptualization for the products started four years ago. BASF has multiple teams of scientists and business professionals collaborating on the product launch - more than 200 BASF professionals are involved in the process, according to Vannoy. “There are a lot of hurdles to get over to get a new product concept approved and invested in,” Vannoy says. Development time varies depending on whether a product is an entirely new active ingredient or a new formulation for an existing active ingredient.
“The golf market is a huge focus for BASF and is seen as a critical business unit within North America,” Vannoy adds. “We are making plans and investments to have an increasingly broader portfolio as time moves on. We will always have best-in-class fungicides, but we want to be well-rounded, and a larger part of every golf course superintendent’s toolbox of pesticide needs.”
BASF will enter a new realm later this year when it launches its first insecticide into the golf market. Alucion™ 35 WG insecticide is a dual mode-of-action insecticide and is formulated to offer broad-spectrum control of surface-feeding insects.
“As we looked into developing a new product, it was clear that there were good options on the market for controlling grubs,” Vannoy says. “However, there are many other insects that a golf course faces in a given year. We have designed Alucion 35 WG insecticide to fit into some of these other areas of need.”
Ant control, for example, is one of those needs.
“A recent trend the past four to six years in golf has been the onslaught of nuisance ants on greens,” Vannoy says. “The issue is not damage. It’s rather the playability that can be affected by the mini ant mounds they build. BASF’s new Alucion™ 35 WG insecticide technology will address this in a powerful new way. That’s just one of many examples of how we come to work each day to help solve some of the superintendents’ problems.”
BASF is also launching Finale® XL T&O herbicide in 2021, expanding a weed control portfolio already consisting of staples such as Drive® XLR8 herbicide, Tower® herbicide and Pylex® herbicide.
And yes, a new fungicide is part of BASF’s 2021 plans. Encartis™ fungicide will build heavily on Emerald® fungicide, a proven dollar spot control tool. In addition to Maxtima fungicide and Navicon Intrinsic brand fungicide, Vannoy has also been involved with the launches of Lexicon® Intrinsic® brand fungicide and Xzemplar® fungicide in his 19 years with BASF. The exhilaration of giving customers new options to solve potential problems never subsides.
“The BASF golf team is a dedicated group of very experienced scientists and business professionals that know the golf industry front and back,” Vannoy says. “What’s neat is to see folks working together for a similar cause of helping to make the life of a golf course superintendent better in some way. Even though it’s a ton of work in launch year, it’s very rewarding to know that the customer you’re serving is going to benefit. There are multiple project teams within BASF that make a new launch happen. I work with some very smart and educated folks who enjoy what they do as much as I do.”
Alucion™ and Encartis™ are trademarks of BASF, and Drive, Emerald, Finale, Intrinsic, Lexicon, Maxtima, Navicon, Pylex, Tower and Xzemplar are registered trademarks of BASF. Alucion 35 WG insecticide and Finale XL T&O herbicide are not registered and not available for sale. Encartis fungicide is not yet available for sale. This information is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended to promote the sale of these products. Any sales of these products after registration is obtained shall be based solely on the EPA-approved product label and any claims regarding product safety and efficacy shall be addressed solely by the label.